|Project Amazonia||title - impressions - summary|
|A sustainable management project for settlement areas within the terra firme rainforest of central Amazonia.|
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Thus far, no conceptions of sustainable management have been developed for the nutrient-poor soils of the terra firme within the area of central Amazonia's rainforest.
Research mainly focuses on isolated methods and systems of production without taking into account neither the socio-economic, business management or market principles,
nor the short- or long-term effects on the ecosystem. Promising approaches which are supported mainly by NGO's and private industry (Smith et al., 1998) mostly lack the
connection with the efforts of the Brazilian Federal Government and of the governments of the individual states to develop the area. Hence, they are lacking a widespread impact.
Against the background of an increase in the demographic pressure on the area exerted by "wild" immigration and also by immigration subsidised by the state the development of
rational and viable conceptions becomes increasingly important. Further impoverishment of the urban centres, the increasing degradation of large areas of rainforest brought
about by short-term destructive exploitation and progressive marginalization of the rural population have to be prevented.
The aim of this project is to contribute to the solution of current social, economic and environmental problems by promoting the sustainable use of the forest areas. There will not be any exploitation of the rainforest itself. This will lead to a change of land-use tailored to the ecosystem which will ensure subsistence of the rural population and which will improve the diet of the urban population based on local and regional production. Successful and sustainable use of a limited number of sites which are near the markets will contribute directly to the conservation of the natural resources and thus will ensure conservation of the tropical rainforest due to reductions in the numbers of forest fallow and newly cleared sites.
For the medium- and long-term, it is to be expected that development planners and decision-makers will develop more realistic evaluation of the possible uses and ways of development of the habitat tropical rainforest.